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climate change in ethiopia pdf

These changes also hamper economic activity and aggravate existing social and economic problems. The document also reviews the main perceived challenges that climate change poses to forests and their managers. Prepared for the High-level conference on world food security: the challenges of climate change and bioenergy, Rome, climate-related natural hazard in Ethiopia. It summarizes experiences in preparing for and reacting to climate change in Netherlands Climate Change & adaptation in Africa/Ethiopia Aster Denekew Yilma International Water Manamgement Institute (IWMI) UN-SPIDER Regional Workshop “Building … Climate change will continue to The good thing is that, the country is not among the least prepared countries to systematically address the forthcoming threats across different sectors. Both primary and secondary data were used for the study, and a multinomial … Ethiopia‟s National Adaptation Plan (NAP-ETH) builds on ongoing efforts to address climate change in the country‟s development policy framework, including the Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) strategy and the second Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP II), as well as sectoral climate resilience strategies and regional and Estimates suggest climate change may reduce Ethiopia’s GDP up to 10 percent by 2045, primarily through impacts on agricultural productivity. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa.It is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south. Tropical Africa is a hotspot for precipitation changes. English News and Press Release on Ethiopia about Climate Change and Environment, Contributions and Drought; published on 05 Feb 2019 by Govt. Small and simple actions to address climate change April 2016 Climate change is not just a problem for the future. (6, 8, 9, 11, 13) Increased incidence of pests and diseases CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND CHANGE IN ETHIOPIA: SUMMARY OF FINDINGS | 5 Figure 1: Map showing management districts in Ethiopia with the FFP areas highlighted. It has three different climate zones according to elevation. The agricultural sector remains the main source of livelihoods for rural communities in Ethiopia, but faces the challenge of changing climate. Natural Resources Management and Environment Department, FAO, Rome. It is happening now and is already affecting mostly poor and vulnerable people all over the world. Exploring adaptation options for maize production in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia using different climate change scenarios and crop models 99 Chapter 6. Climate change increased the number of ‘hot’ days in Ethiopia by 20% from 1960 to 2003, and a 37.5% increase in the number of ‘hot’ nights over the same period. Agriculture which includes crop production, animal husbandry livestock, forestry, fisheries and apiculture remains by far the most important sector of the country from which livestock constitutes the largest component of the Ethiopian agricultural Corpus ID: 32006272. unfccc climate change: impacts, vulnerabilities and adaptation in developing countries i. introduction 5 ii. Climate change is one of many possible stressors on biodiversity. The projected impacts of climate change may affect the consequences of these events, and could potentially hinder advancements in key development areas such as food security, water In recent years environment has become a key issue in Ethiopia. climate change in the ASALs. Ethiopia is in the tropical zone laying between the Equator and the Tropic of Cancer. • Dagnachew Legesse, 2008, Climate Change and the Ethiopian Mountains, Presentation in Planning Workshop on Establishing Climate Change Research Network and High Altitude Climate Observatory Systems in the Ethiopian Highlands – Towards Better Knowledge Base for Informed Mitigation Actions, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, January 2008 Kolla (Tropical zone) - is below 1830 metres in elevation and has an average annual temperature of about 27 degree … This development status makes the country more vulnerable to climate variability and change. Perception of and adaptation to climate change by farmers in the Nile basin of Ethiopia - Volume 149 Issue 1 - T. T. DERESSA, R. M. HASSAN, C. RINGLER Climate change in Ethiopia (Funk and others, in press): A. shows the average location of the March–June 500 mm rainfall isohyets for 1960–1989 (light brown), 1990–2009 (dark brown), and 2010–2039 (predicted, orange). Climate change adaptation in agriculture: practices and technologies Opportunities for climate action in agricultural systems Dhanush Dinesh, Sonja Vermeulen NOVEMBER 2016 Key messages Many agricultural practices and technologies already provide proven benefits to farmers’ food security, resilience and productivity. When it protects the most vulnerable people and strengthens their resilience, the Red Environmental challenges in Ethiopia include climate change, soil degradation, deforestation, loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services, and pollution of land, air and water.Ethiopia’s economy is also highly dependent on natural resources. climate change and adaptation 8 2.1 the need for adaptation 8 2.2 adaptation and the unfccc 10 iii. Adapting to climate variability and change: Experiences from cereal-based farming in the Central Rift and Kobo Valleys, Ethiopia 69 Chapter 5. Accounts of Ethiopian migrants travelling to the Gulf, South Africa and towards Europe are already in circulation and many observers see the growing impact of climate change as having the potential to send many thousands more on similar journeys. Climate Change and Natural Disaster Ethiopia is vulnerable to climate change induced disasters such as drought, epidemics, flood, conflict, earthquake, pests, wildfire and landslide, amongst others. Concerning climate change, data from weather stations of Ethiopia showed that the mean annual temperature has increased by 1.3 °C between 1960 and 2006, at an average rate of 0.28 °C per decade, and by 0.3 °C per decade in the south western region. Ethiopia’s economy and ecological system are fragile and vulnerable to climate change. The Borena region is one of the 13 administrative zones within Ethiopia’s Oromia state. This strategy, along with its Paris Agreement Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), is currently under revision.In June 2020, Ethiopia unveiled its first-ever ten-year economic development plan, themed “Ethiopia: An African Beacon of Prosperity.” What is the impact on … Climate change adaptation and mitigation: challenges and opportunities in the food . The Climate Change adaptation course for agriculture and natural resources management has been held successfully three times in Ethiopia in partnership with HoA-REC. sector. Ethiopia has a high central plateau that varies from 1,290 to 3,000 m (4,232 to 9,843 ft) above sea level, with the … CLIMATE CHANGE I CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS, vULNERABILITy AND ADAPTATION IN ZIMBABWE I IIED Climate Change Working Paper No. The empirical basis of our study regards Ethiopia’s Climate Resilient Strategy for Agriculture and Forest. Climate Change Adaptation in ETHIOPIA October 2011 Severe weather events such as droughts and floods have historically imposed heavy costs in Ethiopia. This study investigated how smallholder farmers perceive climate change, what adaptation strategies they practice, and factors that influence their adaptation decisions. Climate change is expected to adversely affect agricultural production in Africa. have been signs of climate change in Ethiopia since 2000, and even before. Kim and Kaluarachchi (2009) evaluated the impact of six climate change scenarios on water resources in Ethiopia's upper BNB, using weighted values of outcomes. I am very worried. assessing the impacts of, and vulnerability and adaptation to, climate change 13 See Table 1 for details of each area. Black dots indicate locations of available weather stations relevant to the FFP areas. Both climate variability and change have been occurring in Ethiopia. (Resources, risk and resilience: scarcity and cli-mate change in Ethiopia 2012) Health is one of the sectors affected by weather vari-ability and climate change in Ethiopia. Ethiopia has experienced an increase in temperature of around 0.3°C per decade, and in some areas a reduction in rainfall, since at least the 1950s. Map set 7 Average climate change projections used by the Ethiopian government 18 Map 8 Volume of potentially available annual surface water per family (7 persons), in 1,000 m³ 19 Though the economic reform made after the political change in 1991 brought significant improvements in the economy, Ethiopia is still one of the least developed countries (LDCs) in the World. 3 Acknowledgements This working paper draws on research conducted as part of the Meeting Information and Advocacy Needs for Climate Change Adaptation in Zimbabwe project funded by the UK Government’s Department for International Development (DfID). B. shows the average location of the The climate of Africa and Ethiopia has changed and will continue to change throughout this century The climate of Africa and Ethiopia has changed. The majority of Ethiopia’s nearly 110 million inhabitants are dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods. Climate change may manifest itself as a shift in mean conditions, or as changes in the variance and frequency of extremes of climatic variables (as shown in the inset figure from IPCC, 2001b in Figure 1). We focus on autonomous adaptation and investigated the relationship between adoption of agricultural options that can decrease the vulnerability to climate change and adaptive capacity among pastoralists in Borena, Ethiopia. Because agricultural production remains the main source of income for most rural communities in the region, adaptation of the agricultural sector is imperative to protect the livelihoods of … Especially, Ethiopia is among the top 10 highly vulnerable countries to the dangerous effect of climate change (UNEP). Applying a discursive institutional analysis, we aim to explain the interaction among policy actors and the influence thereof on the extent to which adaptation policy in response to climate change becomes gender responsive. Climate. climate change impacts on forests and forest managers throughout the world. Ethiopia’s mitigation efforts are rooted in its “Climate Resilient Green Economy” (CRGE) strategy, published in 2011. Article Type: Review This review highlights climate change and its drivers, impacts, and mitigation and adaptation options in Ethiopia. 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